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AAU Hosts a Workshop on Climate Variability and its Impact

Three Addis Ababa University’s institutions and centers; Institute of Geophysics Space Science and Astronomy (IGSSA), Centre for Food Security (CFS) and Centre for Environmental Science (CES) collaboratively organized a workshop at College of Natural and Computational Sciences on February 25, 2021.

The workshop was conducted under a theme: “Climate Variability, Its Impact on Hydropower, Agriculture, Food Security and Adaptation Strategies in Ethiopia and the Republic of Sudan”.

Tadesse Fetahi (PhD), a representative from Office of Vice President of Research and Technology Transfer (VPRTT), in his welcoming remarks said that climate change in all over the world is very distressing; its variability affects the hydropower, agriculture and food security of any nation.

“A decade of exceptional heat is on taking a stock of global climate ambition,” Tadesse quoted the World Meteorological Organization’s declaration. He also pointed out the UN Environmental Program (UNEP)’s indication which asserts the world needs to reduce emission by 7.6 percent every year for the next decade to limit global warming.

Tadesse further stated that Ethiopia’s numerous industrial development and other economic progresses challenge and exacerbate the vulnerability of climate change which directly or indirectly influences to ensure the level of food security.

“Climate projects indicated the high increase in temperature. Erratic rainfall that is the unpredictability of seasonal rain increased incidence of drought and other extreme consequences,” Tadesse said.

Desalegn Ayal (PhD), from Center of Food Security, addressed that the cumulative effect of climate change and extremes deepen the poverty level and worsens food insecurity in developing countries. Ethiopia is frequently cited as among vulnerable countries to climate variability and change, Desalegn added.

Desalegn explained that the rain-fed agriculture, which is a means of livelihood to the majority of the population, foreign exchange and raw materials of domestic industry, is vulnerable to climate shocks.

Desalegn noted that the Republic of Sudan is another typical example that it suffers from the impacts of climate change extremes and is the most vulnerable to the future change.

Gemechu Fanta Garumu (PhD), Research Scientist at Ethiopian Space Science and Technology Institute (ESSTI), stated that some researches have been conducted and some others are in progress on climate variability and predictability focused on flood monitoring and drought prediction, space climate observatory, computational weather climate system modelling, air quality monitoring and forecasting.

By: Theodros Shewangizaw

Photo: Andualem Aseffa

Editor: Abraham Girmay