The Horn of Africa Regional Environment Network (HoA-REN) was formed in 2006 with the aim of uniting academia and practitioners to promote environmental conservation and natural resource management across the Horn of Africa.

Why does the Horn of Africa need HoA-REN?

The Horn of Africa has faced startling levels of environmental degradation, as a result of two factors:global climatic changes and human activities affecting natural resources and land use. Rainfall over the last half a century has become more erratic, drought has been increasingly likely, and temperatures are rising. At the same time large areas across the region have seen land degraded through deforestation, desertification, soil erosion, and loss of biodiversity and vegetation. The effects of this degradation have been devastating in some areas, leading to food shortages, water and energy crises, resource based conflicts, and increased poverty. There is little doubt that unmitigated environmental deterioration poses a significant risk to human security in the Horn of Africa.

HoA-REN Aims

HoA-REN believes that better natural resource management and protection are urgently needed to prevent ecological collapse and a breakdown of the social fabric in many parts of the region. Through good environmental governance and management, the crises can be averted, enabling the Horn of Africa to benefit from a safer, healthier and more sustainable environment.

HoA-REN was established to promote cooperation and knowledge exchange between organizations with environmental expertise including Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO’s), Community-based Organizations, (CBO’s), research institutions and universities across Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and South Sudan.

It seeks to harness currently underutilized environmental resources across the Horn of Africa region and facilitate, strengthen and advocate for initiatives relating to environmental conservation and natural resource management. This includes promoting sustainable energy and climate change adaptation and mitigation in the region.

HoA-REN links these initiatives to its various partners –international organizations, government bodies and private enterprises- in order to enhance environmental governance and management and contribute to sustainable development and improve livelihoods.


HoA-REN Mission and Objectives

HoA-REN aims to improve environmental governance and management in the region and enhance the development of environmental support sectors such as the promotion of renewable energy and the stimulation of new value chains for sustainable products and services.

The Network’s objectives include:

  • Contributing to natural resources conservation;
  • Encouraging policies for sustainable use of natural resources and other protection measures;
  • Promoting trans-boundary collaboration on environmental issues in the Horn of Africa;
  • Promoting environmental disaster preparedness and mitigation;
  • Integrating the local customs and cultures of the region in environmental protection schemes;
  • Promoting equitable natural resource benefit sharing;
  • Establishing sustainable financial mechanisms for the Network.


  • Strengthening the human and institutional capacity of member organizations and other environmental actors, particularly in the environmental management field and in environmental support sectors, through training and experience sharing;
  • Promoting closer cooperation, especially cross-border cooperation, between member organizations.


Regional and National strategies

With greater capacity and greater coordination, the HoA-REN can advocate stronger partnerships between member states and regional and national policy changes.

Local strategies

At the local level, HoA-REN will promote more community participation on environmental issues, especially through empowering women, as a means of promoting better environmental governance and management and a more equitable use of natural resources.

A dynamic network

Currently the network consists of 44 members, of which Ethiopia has the largest share of about 40%, and it is constantly growing with many environmental organizations from the Horn of Africa region showing an interest in joining.

Addis Ababa University, University of Khartoum, University of Nairobi, Kenyatta University, University of Djibouti and University of Hargeisa are the founding members of the Network. Founding members from civil societies include Forum for Environment (Ethiopia), Sudanese Environmental Conservation Society (Sudan), Djibouti Nature, South Rift Association of Land Owners (Kenya) and Eco-Focus (Somaliland).

In addition, HoA-REC&N partners with government bodies, businesses and non-endogenous international organizations working on environmental issues in the region to achieve an optimal impact on the ground.

A participatory governing structure

A yearly General Assembly composed of endogenous Civil Society Organization’s (CSO’s, including NGOs and CBO’s) and academic and research institutions (ARIs) from the Horn of Africa countries is the governing body of HoAREC&N.

A Regional Council, with two representatives each from member countries, has the authority and mandate to administrate HoA-REN in line with the Network constitution.

HoA-REC&N legally represents the network and its operations are guided by:

  • An MOU developed by the Regional Council with the approval of the General Assembly;
  • A seven-member board of Trustees governs HoA-REC&N, including the Vice-President for Graduate Studies and Research, three Deans amongst the six faculties and colleges of AAU and two appointed members and the Executive Director of HoA-REC&N who serve as the secretary of the Board) accountable to the President of Addis-Ababa University (AAU);
  • The Executive Director of HoA-REC&N manages the day-to-day operations of HoA-REC&N.


Focal Points

  • Djibouti
  • Main Contact: M. HousseinRayaleh
  • Djibouti Nature (NGO)
  • Email: hrayaleh@hoarec.org
  • Mobile: +253-77-833768
  • Ethiopia
  • Main Contact: AtoMengistuWondafrash
  • Executive Director of EWNHS and Focal Point for the Ethiopianchapter of HoA-REC&N
  • Email: m.wondafrash@ewnhs.org.et
  • Tel: (+251) (0) 91 124 2369
  • Kenya
  • Main Contact: M. John Kamanga
  • South Rift Association of Land Owners (CBO)
  • Email: john.kamanga@acc.or.ke
  • Mobile: +254-722709514
  • Somaliland / Somalia
  • Main Contact: Ms. Khadra Omer
  • Barwaaqo Voluntary Organisation (NGO)
  • Email: khadra.bvorg@yahoo.com
  • Mobile: +252-24421094
  • South Sudan
  • Main Contact: Dr. Bojoi Moses
  • University of Juba, College of Natural Resources &Env. Studies
  • (Higher learning Institution)
  • Email: mbojoi@hotmail.com
  • Mobile: +249-95533944
  • Sudan
  • Main Contact: Prof. SuadSulaiman
  • Sudanese Environment Conservation Society (NGO)
  • Email: suadsulaiman@yahoo.com
  • Mobile: +249-912337880
  • HoA-REC&N Contact
  • Main Contact: Abdirahman M. Ahmed
  • Deputy Director of HoA-REC&N
  • Email: abdirahmana@hoarec.org
  • Tel: (+251) (0) 11 810 0926