|School of Journalism & Communication|
The Ethiopian Mass Media Training Institute (EMMTI) was established in 1997 by a decree of the Council of Ministers Regulations No 19/1997, pioneering formal journalism training in the country. Practicing journalists were made to enroll in order to raise their cognitive and practical skills with an academic award at a certificate level. Side by side, two departments (Print Journalism and Broadcast Journalism) started long term training before ten years on diploma program in order to produce adroit journalists. As time went by, the country's need for highly qualified journalists grew further due to the expanding nature of the political, economic and social changes taking place in the for which media activities have increasingly become indispensable.
In view of this, in 2003 the former EMMTI came up with the plan to offer a BA Degree program in Print Journalism and Broadcast Journalism. The curriculum for the BA degree was drafted and duly approved. As soon as the recognition from the Ministry of Education was secured, the EMMTI was made to merge with AAU in February 2005 with the then Graduate School of Journalism and Communication, then NORAD funded independent graduate program unit. The merger created the Faculty of Journalism and Communication (now re-named as the School of Journalism and Communication), where the old EMMT was made to form the Undergraduate Division of the Faculty, and the Graduate School of Journalism and Communication forming the Postgraduate Division.
In the year 2008 after revising the old curricula each department came with two major combinations of streams. The print side curriculum combined the traditional journalism with the Web journalism and the broadcast journalism combined radio and television journalism in order to enable learners have the knowledge and skill of both professions. Thus, the former Print Journalism Department renamed Print and Web Journalism Department. After implementing the revised curriculum in 2009, the first entry of students graduated this academic year on July 23, 2011.
The Postgraduate Division maintained the old curriculum until 2008 when the School of Graduate Studies introduced the modular syllabus to all MA level graduate programs. So a new modular syllabus was designed based on the old curriculum with slight changes, such as the closure of the print and broadcast streams and the combination of some courses into a bigger and inclusive course, the omission of some courses, the addition of a pedagogy course, and the realignment of the revised list of courses. Currently, the Postgraduate Division follows the modular syllabus with block teaching as a major form of delivery. It also emphasizes learner-centeredness.
The Objectives of the School
The school operates to achieve the following formally approved objectives:-
Since formal journalism education was launched in 1997 with few students at EMMTI(1998-2004), 436 students graduated with diploma in the regular program. In the extension program,203 students endowed with their diploma from 2004-2005.overall,at diploma level 639 students obtained diploma in print and broadcast journalists respectively and most of them are still delivering their professional servicesto different media organizations. The School after upgrading its program to a degree level since year 2005, 525 students graduated with their first degree. Currently also more than500 students are enrolled in the undergraduate and in extension programs. In the graduate program since its establishment in 2005 more than 118 students have graduated with MA degree and currently about 65 students are pursuing their second degree level studies in the field of journalism and communication, and are working in different capacities throughout mass media institutions and communication offices in the country. Nevertheless, the school recognizes the gap in journalism education and practices in the country, particularly due to lack of scholarly research works and forum for communicating the findings that are supposed to be the backbone of higher education.